Enhancing the effectiveness of tobacco package warning labels: a social psychological perspective
- 1Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
- 2Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
- 3Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
- 4Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo
- Correspondence to: Geoffrey T Fong, Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada;
- Received 17 July 2001
- Accepted 1 March 2002
- Revised 8 October 2001
Objective: To outline social psychological principles that could influence the psychosocial and behavioural effects of tobacco warning labels, and to inform the development of more effective tobacco warning labels.
Data sources: PsycInfo and Medline literature searches and expert guided selection of principles and theories in social psychology and of tobacco warning labels, including articles, books, and reports.
Conclusions: Tobacco warning labels represent a potentially effective method of influencing attitudes and behaviours. This review describes social psychological principles that could be used to guide the creation of more effective warning labels. The potential value of incorporating warning labels into a broader public health education campaign is discussed, and directions for future research are suggested.
↵* Calculation based on cigarette packages costing $5.00.
↵‡ These reports are available on the Health Canada website at http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/tobacco/bureau/current_research/index.html
↵* Also the Centre for Behavioural Research and Program Evaluation, Canadian Cancer Society/National Cancer Institute of Canada