Understanding Philip Morris’s pursuit of US government regulation of tobacco
- 1Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
- 2Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco
- Correspondence to: Patricia A McDaniel PhD, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Avenue, Suite 366, San Francisco, CA 94143-1390, USA;
- Received 27 August 2004
- Accepted 22 February 2005
Objective: To investigate Philip Morris’s support of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco products and analyse its relationship to the company’s image enhancement strategies.
Data sources: Internal Philip Morris documents released as part of the Master Settlement Agreement.
Methods: Searches of the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu) beginning with such terms as “FDA” and “regulatory strategy” and expanding to include relevant new terms.
Results: Philip Morris’s support for government regulation of tobacco is part of a broader effort to address its negative public image, which has a damaging impact on the company’s stock price, political influence, and employee morale. Through regulation, the company seeks to enhance its legitimacy, redefine itself as socially responsible, and alter the litigation environment. Whereas health advocates frame tobacco use as a public health policy issue, Philip Morris’s regulatory efforts focus on framing tobacco use as an individual choice by informed adults to use a risky product. This framing allows Philip Morris to portray itself as a reasonable and responsible manufacturer and marketer of risky products.
Conclusions: Philip Morris’s ability to improve its image through support of FDA regulation may undermine tobacco control efforts aimed at delegitimising the tobacco industry. It may also create the impression that Philip Morris’s products are being made safer and ultimately protect the company from litigation. While strong regulation of tobacco products and promotion remain critical public health goals, previous experiences with tobacco regulation show that caution may be warranted.
- ACS, American Cancer Society
- AHA, American Heart Association
- ALA, American Lung Association
- CTFK, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
- FCLAA, Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act
- FDA, Food and Drug Administration
- MSA, Master Settlement Agreement
- NCI, National Cancer Institute
- PM, Philip Morris
Competing interests: none declared