Tob Control 14:ii8-ii13 doi:10.1136/tc.2005.012591
  • Research paper

Ensuring smokers are adequately informed: reflections on consumer rights, manufacturer responsibilities, and policy implications

  1. S Chapman1,
  2. J Liberman2
  1. 1School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia;
  2. 2VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, The Cancer Council Victoria, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor Simon Chapman
 School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Building A27, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia;


    The right to information is a fundamental consumer value. Following the advent of health warnings, the tobacco industry has repeatedly asserted that smokers are fully informed of the risks they take, while evidence demonstrates widespread superficial levels of awareness and understanding. There remains much that tobacco companies could do to fulfil their responsibilities to inform smokers. We explore issues involved in the meaning of “adequately informed” smoking and discuss some of the key policy and regulatory implications. We use the idea of a smoker licensing scheme—under which it would be illegal to sell to smokers who had not demonstrated an adequate level of awareness—as a device to explore some of these issues. We also explore some of the difficulties that addiction poses for the notion that smokers might ever voluntarily assume the risks of smoking.


    • Competing interests: none declared

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