German tobacco industry’s successful efforts to maintain scientific and political respectability to prevent regulation of secondhand smoke
- 1Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany
- 2Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
- Correspondence to: Professor Stanton A Glantz PhD, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-1390, USA;
- Received 30 April 2005
- Accepted 18 November 2005
Objective: To examine the tactics the tobacco industry in Germany used to avoid regulation of secondhand smoke exposure and to maintain the acceptance of public smoking.
Methods: Systematic search of tobacco industry documents available on the internet between June 2003 and August 2004.
Results: In West Germany, policymakers were, as early as the mid 1970s, well aware of the fact that secondhand smoke endangers non-smokers. One might have assumed that Germany, an international leader in environmental protection, would have led in protecting her citizens against secondhand smoke pollution. The tobacco manufacturers in Germany, however, represented by the national manufacturing organisation “Verband” (Verband der Cigarettenindustrie), contained and neutralised the early debate about the danger of secondhand smoke. This success was achieved by carefully planned collaboration with selected scientists, health professionals and policymakers, along with a sophisticated public relations programme.
Conclusions: The strategies of the tobacco industry have been largely successful in inhibiting the regulation of secondhand smoke in Germany. Policymakers, health professionals, the media and the general public should be aware of this industry involvement and should take appropriate steps to close the gap between what is known and what is done about the health effects of secondhand smoke.
The authors have no competing interest to disclose.
A more complete report on the material presented in this paper is available: Annette Bornhäuser, Jennifer McCarthy, Stanton A. Glantz. German tobacco industry’s successful efforts to maintain scientific and political respectability to prevent regulation of secondhand smoke. Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. Tobacco Control Policy Making: International. Paper Germany 2006. http://repositories.cdlib.org/ctcre/tcpmi/Germany2006.