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Launching the Fogarty International Center International Tobacco Control Research and Training Program
  1. A Primack1,
  2. M Bloch2,
  3. L Haverkos3,
  4. S Gust4,
  5. M Hare5,
  6. R Smith6
  1. 1Fogarty International Center
  2. 2National Cancer Institute
  3. 3National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  4. 4National Institute on Drug Abuse
  5. 5National Institute of Nursing Research
  6. 6National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Aron Primack
 Fogarty International Center, Bldg 31, Room B2C39, Bethesda, MA 20892-2220, USA; primacka{at}mail.nih.gov

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The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the focal point for medical research in the United States. Composed of 27 Institutes and Centers, and with a budget of more than $28 billion in fiscal year 2005, the NIH provides funding to biomedical and behavioural institutions and scientists in all 50 states, the US territories and many foreign countries. The Fogarty International Center (FIC) is unique at the NIH in that its mission exclusively focuses on global health issues. During its 37 year history, FIC has funded research and training in areas such as infectious diseases (for example, malaria and AIDS); environmental and occupational health; population and health; and maternal and child health.

SHIFTING BURDEN OF TOBACCO USE

By the late 1990s, it was apparent to the global health community that the burden of tobacco use and tobacco-caused disease was inexorably shifting from high-income nations to low- and middle-income nations. Equally apparent was that research and research capacity to study and intervene in this burgeoning world epidemic was sorely lacking. With this in mind, in the fall of 1999, Dr Gerald T Keusch, then FIC Director, convened …

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