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- CDC, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- FIC, Fogarty International Center
- NCI, National Cancer Institute
- NHLBI, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
- NICHD, National Institute on Child Health and Human Development
- NIDA, National Institute on Drug Abuse
- NIH, National Institutes of Health
- NIMH, National Institute of Mental Health
- NINR, National Institute of Nursing Research
- RFA, Request for Applications
- WHO, World Health Organization
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the focal point for medical research in the United States. Composed of 27 Institutes and Centers, and with a budget of more than $28 billion in fiscal year 2005, the NIH provides funding to biomedical and behavioural institutions and scientists in all 50 states, the US territories and many foreign countries. The Fogarty International Center (FIC) is unique at the NIH in that its mission exclusively focuses on global health issues. During its 37 year history, FIC has funded research and training in areas such as infectious diseases (for example, malaria and AIDS); environmental and occupational health; population and health; and maternal and child health.
SHIFTING BURDEN OF TOBACCO USE
By the late 1990s, it was apparent to the global health community that the burden of tobacco use and tobacco-caused disease was inexorably shifting from high-income nations to low- and middle-income nations. Equally apparent was that research and research capacity to study and intervene in this burgeoning world epidemic was sorely lacking. With this in mind, in the fall of 1999, Dr Gerald T Keusch, then FIC Director, convened …
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