Awareness and impact of the ‘Bubblewrap’ advertising campaign among Aboriginal smokers in Western Australia
- Terry Boyle1,
- Carrington C J Shepherd1,2,
- Glenn Pearson1,
- Heather Monteiro1,
- Daniel McAullay1,
- Kristina Economo3,
- Susan Stewart3
- 1Kulunga Research Network, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
- 2Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Centre for Developmental Health, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
- 3Tobacco Programs, Cancer Council Western Australia, Perth, Australia
- Correspondence to Terry Boyle, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research, B Block, Hospital Avenue, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia 6009, Australia;
Contributors TB and CCJS were responsible for the data analysis and interpretation, and are the primary authors of the manuscript; all authors contributed to the study design and review of the manuscript; TB, CCJS, GP and HM were involved in the data collection phase of the study.
- Received 27 May 2009
- Accepted 20 October 2009
- Published Online First 3 December 2009
Background Antismoking mass media campaigns have been shown to reduce smoking prevalence in the mainstream community, however there is little published research on their effect on Aboriginal Australian smokers.
Objectives To evaluate the awareness and impact of a mainstream mass media advertising campaign (the ‘Bubblewrap’ campaign) on Aboriginal smokers in the state of Western Australia.
Methods A personal intercept survey was conducted in July 2008 across three sites (the Perth metropolitan area and the non-metropolitan towns of Kalgoorlie and Broome). An opportunity or convenience sampling strategy was used to recruit Aboriginal participants, and face-to-face interviews were conducted with 198 Aboriginal smokers to ascertain awareness of the campaign advertisements, whether they were seen as believable and relevant, and the impact the advertisements had on smoking behaviour.
Results The majority of the participants interviewed had seen and/or heard the ‘Bubblewrap’ campaign advertisements, although there was considerably greater awareness of the television advertisement than the radio advertisements. Both forms of advertising were considered to be believable and relevant by the majority of Aboriginal smokers. Most of the smokers interviewed thought about cutting down and/or quitting after seeing or hearing the advertisements.
Conclusions Our findings suggest that mainstream antismoking mass media campaigns can positively influence the thoughts and behaviours that Aboriginal smokers have, and exhibit, towards quitting smoking. Notwithstanding this, advertisers should continue to look for better ways to incorporate Aboriginal themes in campaign messages. Future mainstream antismoking campaigns should source sufficient funds to ensure that advertising messages reach the large Aboriginal populations in regional and remote Australia.
Funding Kulunga Research Network was commissioned by the Cancer Council Western Australia to conduct this evaluation.
Competing interests None.
Ethics approval The research was of negligible risk and no information was collected that could personally identify any participant. The project methodology encompassed ethical and cultural considerations consistent with the Kulunga Research Network's Aboriginal research principles framework and commitment to Aboriginal capacity building. Aboriginal people were consulted and genuinely engaged at all stages of the research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.