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Association between exposure to SHS and sleep bruxism in children: further details on the trial
  1. Luisa Montaldo1,
  2. Paolo Montaldo2
  1. 1Department of Dentistry, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  2. 2Department of Pediatrics, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Luisa Montaldo, Department of Dentistry, Second University of Naples, via de crecchio, Naples, Italy; lmontaldo{at}libero.it

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I am writing in response to the concerns raised about the randomised trial published by your journal and conducted by my team.1 This research was part of a larger project focusing on the education of families and children about the risks of smoking and SHS. At the beginning of the trial, parents were all informed about the risks of SHS and after the end of the trial, they were all involved in lessons held by a psychologist and a doctor. SHS is indeed a “…serious public health threat” and during the research, smoking and exposure to SHS have never been encouraged.

As stated, the trial included as many as 27 families who refused to participate. Most families refused to be included in the trial after being randomly selected either in group 1 or in group 2. Data about these 27 families were not reported and they were all listed among those refusing to participate. Some of these families were part of group 1 and decided not to participate because, in spite of being informed about the risks of SHS, they reported that they would not have been able to reduce SHS exposure for their children. Other families were part of group 2 and, aware of the risks of SHS, decided to reduce it and therefore did not participate. Those families were just excluded from the study and were not encouraged to continue smoking. All the parents of group 2 remaining in the trial were those who reported not being able to reduce children's exposure to SHS. Therefore, in group 1, the trial was interventional, but in group 2, it was just observational.

I can understand that the above mentioned information is needed as it was not fully described in the paper and readers may misunderstand the instructions given during the trial. Under no circumstances should smoking be encouraged and every study should fulfil this requirement.

What this paper adds

  • The purpose of this letter is to reply to the concerns raised about the randomised trial ‘Association between exposure to secondhand smoke and sleep bruxism in children: a randomised control study’.

  • In the trial, group 2 included those parents who reported not being able to reduce SHS children exposure. There was no action on this group.

  • In group 1, the trial was interventional; in group 2, it was just observational.

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