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Early symptoms of nicotine dependence among adolescent waterpipe smokers

Authors

  • Raed Bahelah Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, Yemen PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Joseph R DiFranza Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Fouad M Fouad Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Kenneth D Ward Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria University of Memphis School of Public Health, Memphis, Tennessee, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Thomas Eissenberg Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Wasim Maziak Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Wasim Maziak, Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5 489, Miami, FL 33199, USA; wmaziak{at}fiu.edu
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Citation

Bahelah R, DiFranza JR, Fouad FM, et al
Early symptoms of nicotine dependence among adolescent waterpipe smokers

Publication history

  • Received 3 November 2015
  • Revised 24 March 2016
  • Accepted 4 April 2016
  • Published in print 1 December 2016.
  • Published online 20 December 2016.
  • Published first 25 April 2016.

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