Table 3

Financial stress, smoking, and income (n=6892)

Household income
Financial stress12345All households
Source: 1998–99 Household Expenditure Survey, Australian Bureau of Statistics.
*The values of the scale range from 0–14 depending on the number of items to which the respondent gave a response indicating financial stress.
†Percentage who indicated having experienced financial stress in response to at least one of the 14 financial stress items.
‡Percentage reporting any of the following happened in the past year because of a shortage of money: “Went without meals”; “Unable to heat home”; and “Sought assistance from welfare/community organisations”.
Financial stress index* average
Total2.82.41.61.00.41.6
Smoking3.93.72.31.50.62.4
Non-smoking2.31.81.20.80.31.3
p for χ2<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Percentage reporting any financial stress†
Total64.758.751.338.417.246.1
Smoking77.776.467.549.222.858.5
Non-smoking58.350.543.232.614.440.0
p for χ2<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Percentage reporting severe financial stress‡
Total13.49.74.42.60.66.2
Smoking22.717.89.65.11.111.2
Non-smoking8.86.01.81.20.43.7
p for χ2<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.0010.272<0.001