Table 3

Prevalence of ST use by perceptions of self and of the likelihood of experiencing adverse health effects associated with ST use and knowledge related to ST use

Item n (%) Prevalence (%) OR (95% CI)
Perception of risk
It will give me a sore mouth or throat
 Slightly/very unlikely328  (27)304.2  (3.0 to 6.0)
 Slightly/very likely883 (73)91.0
It would give me mouth cancer
 Slightly/very unlikely146 (12)343.6 (2.4 to 5.4)
 Slightly/very likely1067 (88)121.0
It would give me gum disease
 Slightly/very unlikely136 (11)323.3 (2.2 to 5.0)
 Slightly/very likely1078 (89)131.0
I would need surgery for oral cancer
 Slightly/very unlikely448 (37)191.6 (1.1 to 2.2)
 Slightly/very likely763 (63)131.0
I would become addicted to ST
 Slightly/very unlikely285 (23)191.4 (1.0 to 2.1)
 Slightly/very likely927 (77)141.0
Knowledge
Using ST improves athletic performance
 True & don't know (incorrect)160 (13)242.0 (1.3 to 3.0)
 False (correct)1063 (87)141.0
Nicotine is addicting
 False & don't know (incorrect)131 (11)211.6 (1.0 to 2.5)
 True (correct)1092 (89)141.0