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WHO Europe evidence based recommendations on the treatment of tobacco dependence
  1. M Raw1,
  2. P Anderson2,
  3. A Batra3,
  4. G Dubois4,
  5. P Harrington5,
  6. A Hirsch6,
  7. J Le Houezec7,
  8. A McNeill8,
  9. D Milner9,
  10. M Poetschke Langer10,
  11. W Zatonski, Recommendations panel11
  1. 1Guy's King's and St Thomas' School of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
  2. 2Department of Primary Health Care, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
  3. 3Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Germany
  4. 4Medical School of Amiens, France; French National Committee against Smoking
  5. 5WHO European Partnership Project to Reduce Tobacco Dependence, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark
  6. 6Alliance pour la Santé; coalition contre le tabagisme, Paris, France
  7. 7R&D Consumer Healthcare, Pharmacia; SRNT Europe, Rennes, France
  8. 8St George's Hospital Medical School, University of London, London, UK
  9. 9Department of Health, London, UK
  10. 10Cancer Prevention Unit, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany
  11. 11Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, M Skodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Centre and Institute of Oncology, Warsaw, Poland
  1. Correspondence to:
 Martin Raw, 11 King William IV Gardens, London SE20 7EG, UK;


The following recommendations on the treatment of tobacco dependence have been written as an initiative of the World Health Organization European Partnership Project to Reduce Tobacco Dependence.

  • tobacco dependence
  • recommendations
  • treatment
  • nicotine replacement therapy
  • buproprion

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