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Smoking, particularly antenatal smoking by the mother, has been consistently shown in many studies to be associated with increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).1 After the prone sleep position, smoking is the next most important modifiable risk factor for SIDS. Smoking not only undermines the health, development, and survival of the child, but of the mother and other family members, too. A survey of maternity hospitals in Eastern European countries was undertaken in 1999 to collect information on practices associated with increased risk of SIDS. We report here a comparison of smoking and breastfeeding practices of these hospitals.
The collaborative network of the World Health Organization in Eastern Europe (CCEE/NIS) identified country coordinators in 22 Eastern European countries and data were received from 489 hospitals in …
↵† Maternity Advice Survey Study Group Members for WHO EURO region— Nedime Ceka, Tirana, Albania; Pavlik Mazmanian, Yerevan, Armenia; Zinaida Sevkovskaya, Minsk, Belarus; Naila Beganovic, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Pavao Dzeba, Banja Luka Republic Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Ervin Saik, Tallinn, Estonia; Maya Kherkheulidze, Tbilisi, Georgia; Antal Czinner, Hungary; Anara Turginbaeva, Almaty, Kazakhstan; Ilze Kreicberga, Riga, Latvia; Jurgis Bojarskas, Kaunas, Lithuania; Elizabeta Zisovska, Skopje, Macedonia, Former Yugoslavia Republic; Ekaterina Stasii, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova; Dragos Pradescu, Bucharest, Romania; Tatiana Dinekina, Murmansk, Russian Federation; Milan Kuchta, Kosice, Slovak Republic; Lev Bregant, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Olga Ataeva, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan; Zinaida Shatova, Kiev, Ukraine; Uktam Djalilov, Tashkent, Uzbekistan