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Smoking and age related macular degeneration: the number of pack years of cigarette smoking is a major determinant of risk for both geographic atrophy and choroidal neovascularisation
  1. J C Khan,
  2. D A Thurlby,
  3. H Shahid,
  4. D G Clayton,
  5. J R W Yates,
  6. M Bradley,
  7. A T Moore,
  8. A C Bird,
  9. for the Genetic Factors in AMD Study

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    There is evidence that smoking is a risk factor for age related macular degeneration (AMD). However, not all studies have demonstrated this association and several key questions about the role of smoking in AMD have still to be determined. The aim of this study was to further investigate this relation for both choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) and geographic atrophy (GA).


    To investigate the relation between smoking and the risk …

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