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France: key role of NGOs in enforcement
  1. Comité National Contre le Tabagisme, France;

    Statistics from

    The first tobacco control law in France, adopted in 1976 and known as the “loi Veil”, or Veil law after the then health minister, gave the right to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) specialising in tobacco control to launch legal action if the law was not respected. This right was confirmed in the Evin law of 1991, and even extended to consumers’ rights and families’ rights associations in public health legislation in 2004.

    The health ministry has provided partial financial support to NGOs for this purpose since 1991. This support is due to the fact that the first law (loi Veil) was not enforced at all by the ministry of justice, the appropriate authority, which to …

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