Article Text

Download PDFPDF
China at the crossroads: the economics of tobacco and health


Objective: To analyse economic aspects of tobacco control policy issues in China.

Methods: Published and collected survey data were used to analyse economic consequences of smoking. Economic analysis was used to address the role of tobacco farmers and the cigarette industry in the Chinese economy.

Results: In the agricultural sector, tobacco has the lowest economic rate of return of all cash crops. At the same time, the tobacco industry’s tax contribution to the central government has been declining.

Conclusion: Economic gains become less important as the negative health impact of smoking on the population garners more awareness. China stands at a crossroads to implement the economic promises of the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and promote the health of its population.

  • CNTC, China National Tobacco Company
  • FCTC, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
  • STMA, State Tobacco Monopoly Administration
  • WTO, World Trade Organization
  • economics
  • tobacco control
  • China

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.