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A cost-effectiveness analysis of a community pharmacist-based smoking cessation programme in Thailand
  1. K Thavorn1,2,
  2. N Chaiyakunapruk1,3,4
  1. 1
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
  2. 2
    Department of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  3. 3
    Setting Priority Using Information on Cost-effectiveness Analysis, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
  4. 4
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Australia
  1. Dr Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand; nui{at}


Objective: To estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of a structured community pharmacist-based smoking cessation programme compared with usual care.

Design: A cost-effectiveness study using a healthcare system perspective

Population: Two simulated cohorts of smokers: male and female aged 40, 50 and 60 years who regularly smoke 10–20 cigarettes per day.

Intervention and comparator: A structured community pharmacist-based smoking cessation (CPSC) programme compared to usual care.

Main outcome measure: Cost per life year gained (LYG) attributable to the smoking cessation programme.

Results: The CPSC programme results in cost savings of 17 503.53 baht (£250; €325; $500) to the health system and life year gains of 0.18 years for men and; costs savings of 21 499.75 baht (£307; €399; $614) and life year gains of 0.24 years for women. A series of sensitivity analyses demonstrate that both cost savings and life year gains are sensitive to variations in the discount rate and the long-term smoking quit rate associated with the intervention.

Conclusion: From the perspective of the health system, the CPSC programme yields cost savings and life year gains. This finding provides important information for health policy decision-makers when determining the magnitude of resources to be allocated to smoking cessation service in community pharmacy.

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  • Funding: This study was supported, in part, by a grant from the Thailand Research Fund and Thai Pharmacy Network for Tobacco Control (through the Thai Health Promotion Foundation).

  • Competing interests: None.