Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Funding US National Cancer Institute, US NIH.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Virginia Commonwealth University.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.