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- Smoke-free environments
- law enforcement
- global health
- low/middle income country
- smoking caused disease
- secondhand smoke
- primary healthcare
On February 2009, the Guatemalan Congress passed a nationwide law that banned smoking in all workplaces, including bars and restaurants. The Ministry of Health (MoH) is responsible for monitoring law compliance and fining violators. Individuals and venues are subject to economic fines when they break the law.
After a comprehensive smoking ban is implemented, a major challenge is to ensure proper enforcement to guarantee high compliance, particularly in bars.1 In Guatemala, air nicotine levels were significantly reduced 6 months after law implementation in bars and restaurants and workers' support for the law increased compared with prelaw levels.2 However, 2 years after, law enforcement by the MoH has …
Funding This work was funded in part by Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC) of the International Development Research Center (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada. JB is partially supported by an unrestricted grant from the American Cancer Society.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.