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Businesses' voluntary pro-health tobacco policies: a review and research agenda
  1. Patricia A McDaniel,
  2. Ruth E Malone
  1. University of California, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, San Francisco, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Patricia A McDaniel, University of California, San Francisco, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3333 California Street, Suite 455, San Francisco, California 94118, USA; patricia.mcdaniel{at}


Research on the role of businesses in tobacco control has focused primarily on retailers, advertising firms and the hospitality industry, all of which have tended to support tobacco industry interests and resist effective tobacco control policies. However, in several countries, businesses have a history of voluntarily adopting tobacco-related policies that may advance tobacco control objectives. These phenomena have received little research attention. Existing literature on businesses ending tobacco sales, instituting voluntary workplace smoking restrictions and establishing non-smoker only hiring policies was reviewed. A research agenda on voluntary business initiatives would enhance and complement research on mandatory tobacco control policies by identifying new advocacy opportunities; suggesting avenues for strengthening or reinforcing existing policy initiatives; laying the groundwork for new mandatory policies; helping to inform ethical debates about contentious voluntary policies; and contributing to a better understanding of how alliances between the tobacco industry and other businesses might be weakened.

  • Tobacco industry
  • tobacco documents research
  • environment
  • advertising and promotion
  • qualitative study
  • marginalised populations
  • industry public relations/media
  • industry documents

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  • Funding This work was supported by the California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program, grant number 18XT-0140.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.