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When a tax increase fails as a tobacco control policy: the ITC China project evaluation of the 2009 cigarette tax increase in China
  1. Qiang Li1,2,
  2. Teh-wei Hu3,
  3. Zhengzhong Mao4,
  4. Richard J O'Connor5,
  5. Geoffrey T Fong1,6,
  6. Changbao Wu7,
  7. Jingjing Zhang2,
  8. Anne C K Quah1,
  9. Yuan Jiang2
  1. 1Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  2. 2Tobacco Control Office, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
  3. 3School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
  4. 4Department of Health Economy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  5. 5Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York, USA
  6. 6Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  7. 7Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Yuan Jiang, Tobacco Control Office, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Rd., Beijing 100050, P R China; jiangyuan88{at}

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China ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (the WHO FCTC) in 2006 and thus has the obligation to increase the prices and taxes of cigarettes. In May 2009, China raised cigarette excise taxes, which was cited by a Chinese government official as a measure of FCTC implementation.1 Researchers noticed that cigarette retail prices in China did not change after the 2009 tax adjustment; however, their conclusion was based on observations but not survey data.2

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