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Exposure to different sources of second-hand smoke during pregnancy and its effect on urinary cotinine and tobacco-specific nitrosamine (NNAL) concentrations

Authors

  • Constantine I Vardavas Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, GreeceCenter for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Eleni Fthenou Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Evridiki Patelarou Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Emmanouil Bagkeris Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, GreeceCenter for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Sharon Murphy Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Stephen S Hecht Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Gregory N Connolly Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Leda Chatzi Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Manolis Kogevinas Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, GreeceCenter for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, SpainMunicipal Institute of Medical Research (IMIM-Hospital del Mar), Barcelona, SpainCIBER Epidemiologia y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Constantine I Vardavas, Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; vardavas{at}hsph.harvard.edu
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Citation

Vardavas CI, Fthenou E, Patelarou E, et al
Exposure to different sources of second-hand smoke during pregnancy and its effect on urinary cotinine and tobacco-specific nitrosamine (NNAL) concentrations

Publication history

  • Received July 15, 2011
  • Accepted December 19, 2011
  • First published January 17, 2012.
Online issue publication 
April 15, 2013

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