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‘Herbal’ but potentially hazardous: an analysis of the constituents and smoke emissions of tobacco-free waterpipe products and the air quality in the cafés where they are served
  1. Fadi Hammal1,
  2. Alyssa Chappell1,
  3. T Cameron Wild2,
  4. Warren Kindzierski2,
  5. Alan Shihadeh3,
  6. Amanda Vanderhoek4,
  7. Cong Khanh Huynh5,
  8. Gregory Plateel5,
  9. Barry A Finegan1
  1. 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
  2. 2School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
  3. 3Faculty of Engineering & Architecture, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
  4. 4Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
  5. 5Institute for Work and Health, Institut universitaire romand de Santé au Travail (IST), Lausanne, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Barry A Finegan, Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, University of Alberta, 8–120 Clinical Sciences Building, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G2G3; bfinegan{at}

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