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Contemporary impact of tobacco use on periodontal disease in the USA

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  • Contributors AC, CCA and NDF designed the study; EV, BG, EL, BAD, CCA and NDF analysed and interpreted the data; EV and NDF drafted the manuscript; BG, EL, AC, BAD and CCA critically reviewed the manuscript; all authors gave final approval on the manuscript.

  • Funding This study was supported by funds from the Intramural Research Program of the NCI and the Tobacco Regulatory Science Program through the NIH and FDA.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Research Ethics Review Board of the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.