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Determinants of tobacco cultivation in Bangladesh
  1. Md Sazedur Rahman1,
  2. N.A.M. Faisal Ahmed1,
  3. Mohammad Ali1,
  4. Md Menhazul Abedin1,
  5. Md Saimul Islam2
  1. 1 Statistics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
  2. 2 Department of Statistics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  1. Correspondence to Mohammad Ali, Statistics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh;{at}


Background Tobacco production continues to increase in low-income and middle-income countries including in Bangladesh. It has spreads to different parts of Bangladesh and is now threatening food cultivation, the environment and health. The aim of this study is to determine the factors those are influenced farmers’ decisions to grow tobacco.

Methods We surveyed 371 tobacco farmers using a simple random sampling in the Meherpur district of Bangladesh. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the variables affecting farmers’ decision to cultivate tobacco.

Results Approximately 87.0% of the respondents were contract farmers with different tobacco companies. Almost 83.3% of the farmers had intentions to continue tobacco farming. Binary logistic regression results suggest that company’s incentives to farmers, farmers’ profitability, a guaranteed market for the tobacco crop and economic viability were the variables most affecting the decision to cultivate tobacco.

Conclusions Governments seeking to shift farmers away from tobacco will need to consider how to address the dynamics revealed in this research.

  • tobacco cultivation
  • Bangladesh
  • logistic regression

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  • Contributors MSR, NAMFA and MA designed the research study. MSR and MA performed statistical analysis, and draft the original manuscript. All authors contributed to synthesise the analysis plan and interpret the findings. NAMFA, MMA and MSI helped to conceptualise the analysis and draft plan and review of the manuscript critically. All authors helped to write the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.