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The California Department of Public Health operates a comprehensive tobacco control programme that supports local communities’ efforts to pass policies limiting access to tobacco products.1 While tremendous strides were made to reduce smoking, tobacco use continues to persist due to the tobacco industry’s ever-evolving array of tobacco products and targeted marketing of such products to different demographics.2–5 In 2021, California ushered in a new public health era, shifting from a tobacco control strategy to preparing for an end to sales of all commercial tobacco products. The cities of Manhattan Beach and Beverly Hills, California accelerated this shift, implementing the first policies nationwide that banned sales of nearly all commercial tobacco products effective 1 January 2021.6 Both cities granted temporary exemptions to some retailers …
Contributors RW contributed to the study’s conceptualisation, survey instruments development, data analysis and manuscript writing. DS and TV contributed to the survey instruments development and manuscript writing. EA-R and XZ contributed to the study’s conceptualisation, instruments development and manuscript writing.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.