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Willingness of tobacco farmers to accept compensation for tobacco crop substitution in Lichuan City, China
  1. Xinyu Wan1,2,
  2. Jianjun Jin1,2,
  3. Shenghong Ran3
  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology (ESPRE), Beijing Normal University, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  2. 2 Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  3. 3 Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jianjun Jin, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, People's Republic of China; jjjin{at}; Dr Shenghong Ran; ransh{at}


Objective This study, conducted in China, explores tobacco farmers’ willingness to accept (WTA) compensation for tobacco crop substitution.

Methods The contingent valuation method was used to elicit farmers’ WTA compensation. A face-to-face survey was conducted with 280 tobacco farmers in Lichuan City, China. The standard logit regressions were used to identify the factors that influence farmers’ WTA.

Results Without compensation, most of the respondents were unwilling to implement tobacco crop substitution. However, if the government provided compensation, the proportion of respondents’ willingness for substitution increased to 86.7%. Male tobacco farmers are more likely to accept a given compensation value than female farmers. Older tobacco farmers have a higher probability of accepting compensation. The number of farmers engaged in tobacco growing in a family is negatively associated with the probability of accepting a given compensation amount. Tobacco farmers with greater confidence in the expected benefits of tobacco crop substitution tend to be more willing to accept compensation. The mean WTA estimate was achieved as US$2020.35/ha/year.

Conclusions If appropriate compensation is provided for tobacco farmers, there is a potential to implement the tobacco crop substitution policy in the study area.

  • global health
  • public policy
  • economics
  • environment

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  • Contributors XW collected the data, conducted the data analysis and wrote the first draft of the manuscript under the supervision of JJ. JJ conceptualised the study and revised the manuscript. SR provided the funding and contributed to the drafting and revision of the manuscript.

  • Funding This study received funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771192 and 41671170).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.