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Smoking cessation intervention among Vietnamese Americans: a controlled trial
  1. Stephen J McPhee,
  2. Christopher NH Jenkins,
  3. Ching Wong,
  4. Don Fordham,
  5. Ky Quoc Lai,
  6. Joyce Adair Bird,
  7. Joel M Moskowitz
  1. Sue Khoe La Vang! (Health is Gold!), the Vietnamese Community Health Promotion Project, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
  2. Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
  3. School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley
  1. Correspondence to: Stephen J McPhee, Division of General Internal Medicine, 400 Parnassus Avenue, A-405, San Francisco, California 94143-0320, USA


Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate, media-led information and education smoking cessation campaign.

Design Two-year controlled trial, multicomponent programme.

Subjects and setting Vietnamese men living in Santa Clara County, California, US.

Main outcome measures Pretest (1990) and post-test (1992) surveys of randomly selected Vietnamese men in Santa Clara County and Houston, Texas, serving as a comparison community.

Results In both 1990 and 1992, adult males in both communities were more likely to smoke if they were younger (p < 0.005), if they were more recent immigrants (p < 0.001), if they had less than a high school education (p < 0.005), or if their English proficiency was limited (p < 0.001). Between 1990 and 1992, smoking prevalence remained constant in Santa Clara County (36% in 1990; 36% in 1992), and in Houston (40% in 1990; 41% in 1992). The proportions of recent quitters, although greater in Santa Clara County than Houston, did not change significantly between pretest and post-test in either community.

Conclusion The continuing high smoking prevalence rate among Vietnamese men in Santa Clara County suggests a need for continuing intervention, particularly among recent immigrants.

  • cessation
  • intervention
  • Vietnamese Americans

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