Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Attitudes and experiences of restaurateurs regarding smoking bans in Adelaide, South Australia
  1. Kelly Jonesa,
  2. Melanie Wakefieldb,
  3. Deborah A Turnbulla
  1. aDepartment of Public Health, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, bEpidemiology Branch, South Australian Health Commission, Adelaide
  1. Dr M Wakefield, Health Research and Policy Centers, University of Illinois at Chicago, 850 West Jackson Bvd, Suite 400, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA; email:melaniew{at}


OBJECTIVES To determine compliance with a voluntary code of practice (VCP) for restricting smoking in restaurants and to canvass the attitudes of restaurateurs towards tougher smoking restrictions.

DESIGN Cross-sectional survey conducted in 1996 using a telephone questionnaire.

SETTING Metropolitan restaurants and cafés in Adelaide, South Australia.

PARTICIPANTS 276 (86.8%) of a sample of randomly selected owners and managers.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Restaurant non-smoking policies, reported and anticipated change in business, and restaurateurs’ attitudes towards smoking restrictions.

RESULTS 26.8% of restaurants had a total smoking ban; 40.6% restricted smoking some other way; and 32.6% permitted unrestricted smoking. Only 15.1% of restaurants with a ban or restrictions had used the VCP to guide the development of their policy, and only half of these were complying with it. Although 78.4% of those with bans and 84.4% of those with restrictions reported that their non-smoking policy had been associated with either no change or a gain in business, only 33.3% of those allowing unrestricted smoking expected that this would be the case, if they were to limit smoking. A total of 50.4% of restaurateurs, including 45.3% of those with no restrictions, agreed that the government should ban smoking in all restaurants.

CONCLUSIONS The VCP made an insignificant contribution to adoption of non-smoking policies, and compliance with the code was poor. Despite concerns about loss of business, there was considerable support for legislation which would ban smoking in all dining establishments.

  • smoking restrictions
  • restaurants
  • environmental tobacco smoke
  • Australia

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.