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Initial symptoms of nicotine dependence in adolescents
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  • Published on:
    Author's response
    Jennifer O'Loughlin from McGill University is engaged in a replication/extension of our study. She has conducted focus groups with young smokers which demonstrate that youths experience nicotine dependence in ways very similar to adults but with some exceptions. They do know what addiction means and they describe their symptoms the same way adult smokers do. Dr O'Loughlin has also demonstrated that the measures used in our stu...
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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.
  • Published on:
    Addiction?
    Regarding the DeFranza et al article published in the current issue. If the conclusions are true, the implications are large. Before being convinced I would like to see evidence that these inexperienced users meant the same thing by their answers as a 'real' addict might, or that the questions have predictive validity. I would be reassured if those asked to reflect on these early experiences still saw them in the same way after...
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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.