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Tobacco cessation program implementation—from plans to reality: skill building workshop—group model
  1. Sallie Dacey
  1. Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, 201 16th Avenue East Main Building, Suite A-300, Seattle, WA 98112, USA;

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    The following article describes highlights from the skill building workshop “Program implementation—from plans to reality”. This workshop was conducted by Sallie Dacey, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, and Risé Krejci, Pacific Health Systems.

    Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound (GHC) is a not-for-profit, group model, consumer governed health maintenance organisation (HMO). GHC serves over 450 000 enrollees at 29 medical centres, two hospitals, and three specialty centres in the state of Washington, primarily in the Puget Sound area. The cooperative employs 900 physicians, more than 40% of whom are primary care providers.

    GHC reorganised its quality implementation structure in the early 1990s into a framework called the “clinical roadmap”. This population and evidence based approach was designed to identify and improve systematically key clinical processes, and then embed them into everyday care. Tobacco use was one of the first areas to receive such attention. In 1992, reduction of tobacco use in the adult population became GHC's primary prevention priority as well as one of the initial four key clinical roadmaps. Using the National Cancer Institute's recommendations as a base, GHC set the goal of decreasing tobacco prevalence to 12.5% by the year 2000. In support of this goal, intermediate process goals were set, including: (1) status identification of tobacco use on 95% of all charts; (2) chart documentation of intervention in at least 45% of identified smokers during their last clinical encounter; (3) increased participation in “Free & Clear”, GHC's behavioural tobacco cessation program; and (4) achievement of less than 10% fair/poor rating in satisfaction surveys of patients who were offered individual support and counselling on tobacco use by their providers.

    After more than a decade of implementing and regularly improving GHC's tobacco reduction program, these intermediate process goals have been met and GHC's tobacco prevalence has decreased from approximately …

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