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Effect of IQOS introduction on cigarette sales: evidence of decline and replacement

Footnotes

  • Contributors MS and ZC designed the study. MS conducted the analysis. MS and ZC wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to interpretation of results and to refinement, writing and editing of the final manuscript.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Disclaimer The contents of this article are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the positions of the American Cancer Society.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement For proprietary reasons, the data used in this manuscript cannot be

    made available to all potential users.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors MS and ZC designed the study. MS conducted the analysis. MS and ZC wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to interpretation of results and to refinement, writing and editing of the final manuscript.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Disclaimer The contents of this article are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the positions of the American Cancer Society.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement For proprietary reasons, the data used in this manuscript cannot be

    made available to all potential users.

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