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Higher negative emotions in response to cigarette pictorial warning labels predict higher quit intentions among smokers
  1. Yachao Li1,
  2. Bo Yang2,
  3. Daniel Owusu3,
  4. Lucy Popova3
  1. 1Department of Communication Studies and Department of Public Health, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey, USA
  2. 2Department of Communication, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
  3. 3School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Lucy Popova, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA; lpopova1{at}gsu.edu

Footnotes

  • Presented at This study was presented in American College of Surgeons – Michigan Chapter (2019).

  • Contributors YL wrote the first draft. BY conducted the statistical analyses and wrote the method and results sections. DO wrote the method section. LP designed the study, developed the materials and wrote the implications. All authors contributed to the writing and revision and approved the final version of the manuscript.

  • Funding Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products (R00CA187460) and the National Institute of Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health and FDA Center for Tobacco Products (R01DA047397). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or the FDA.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the Georgia State University Institutional Review Board (H17198).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

  • Author note This study was conducted while YL and BY were at Georgia State University.

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Footnotes

  • Presented at This study was presented in American College of Surgeons – Michigan Chapter (2019).

  • Contributors YL wrote the first draft. BY conducted the statistical analyses and wrote the method and results sections. DO wrote the method section. LP designed the study, developed the materials and wrote the implications. All authors contributed to the writing and revision and approved the final version of the manuscript.

  • Funding Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products (R00CA187460) and the National Institute of Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health and FDA Center for Tobacco Products (R01DA047397). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or the FDA.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the Georgia State University Institutional Review Board (H17198).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

  • Author note This study was conducted while YL and BY were at Georgia State University.

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