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Waterpipe tobacco smoke toxicity: the impact of waterpipe size
  1. Cindy DeForest Hauser1,
  2. Ronnae Mailig1,
  3. Hannah Stadtler2,
  4. Jenna Reed2,
  5. Shi Chen2,
  6. Emilie Uffman2,
  7. Karen Bernd2
  1. 1Department of Chemistry, Davidson College, Davidson, North Carolina, USA
  2. 2Department of Biology, Davidson College, Davidson, North Carolina, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Karen Bernd, Department of Biology, Davidson College, Davidson, NC 28035, USA; kabernd{at}davidson.edu

Footnotes

  • Contributors CDFH and KB are the guarantors. CDFH and KB conceived the experimental design and drafted the manuscript. RM and CDFH performed the physical characteristic studies, data analysis and figure preparation. HS, JR, SC, EU and KB performed the cell exposure studies, data analysis and figure preparation.

  • Funding Research reported in this publication was supported by grant number R01HL134169 from the NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and FDA Center for Tobacco Products.

  • Disclaimer The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH or the Food and Drug Administration.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors CDFH and KB are the guarantors. CDFH and KB conceived the experimental design and drafted the manuscript. RM and CDFH performed the physical characteristic studies, data analysis and figure preparation. HS, JR, SC, EU and KB performed the cell exposure studies, data analysis and figure preparation.

  • Funding Research reported in this publication was supported by grant number R01HL134169 from the NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and FDA Center for Tobacco Products.

  • Disclaimer The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH or the Food and Drug Administration.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

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