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Prevalence of heated tobacco product use in Japan: the 2020 JASTIS study

Abstract

Background Japan is the leading market for heated tobacco products (HTPs). We assessed the latest prevalence of HTP use including novel products (Ploom S, glo sens, and Pulze).

Methods Data were obtained from an internet-based, self-reported survey conducted during February-March 2020 with individuals aged 15–74 years in Japan(n=9044). Prevalence of current (past 30-day) HTP use and cigarette smoking was computed. Poison regression analysis was conducted to examine predictors of HTP use among current cigarette smokers (n=1478). All analyses were weighted to account for selection bias in the internet survey using a nationally representative sample of Japanese population.

Results In 2020, prevalence of current HTP use and cigarette smoking was 10.9% and 25.9% in Japan, respectively. The most commonly used HTP brand was IQOS (5.7%) followed by Ploom TECH/Ploom TECH+ (5.4%) and glo (2.6%). Use of Ploom S, glo sens and Pulze was 1.6%, 0.8% and 0.6%, respectively. Among current cigarette smokers, 34.9% of those who were interested in quitting smoking and 30.5% of those who were not interested in quitting reported concurrent use of HTP, respectively (difference not significant). Cigarette smokers who reported having multiple chronic conditions (aPR=2.31), alcohol consumption (aPR=2.07), and e-cigarette use (aPR=1.88) were more likely to use an HTP compared to those who did not report such characteristics.

Conclusions HTP use remained prevalent in Japan. One in three current cigarette smokers used HTPs regardless of whether they were interested inquitting smoking. Continuedsurveillance is important to inform national and global tobaccocontrol strategies.

  • surveillance and monitoring
  • non-cigarette tobacco products
  • cessation

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