Objective To evaluate and start a discussion on the potential usefulness of applying Artificial Intelligence (AI)-driven natural language processing technology such as the ChatGPT in tobacco control efforts, specifically vaping cessation.
Method Ten real-world questions about vaping cessation were selected from a Reddit forum and used as ChatGPT prompts or queries. Content analysis was performed on the ChatGPT responses to identify the thematic aspects of vaping cessation support represented in the responses. Next, the responses were empirically evaluated by five experts in tobacco control on accuracy, quality, clarity, and empathy.
Result The following themes related to vaping cessation support were identified: understanding nicotine withdrawal symptoms, self-regulation, peer support, motivational support, and Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT). The experts judged the ChatGPT responses to be 'satisfactory' to 'excellent' in areas of accuracy, quality, clarity, and empathy.
Conclusion If managed by a group of experts, including clinicians, and behavioral and computer scientists, a platform such as the ChatGPT may be leveraged to design tailored interventions for tobacco use cessation, including vaping cessation.
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Contributors SA: conceptualisation, writing—original draft, writing—review and editing. CK: writing—review and editing. PP: conceptualisation, writing—original draft, writing—review and editing, supervision.
Funding The study was supported by funds from the National Cancer Institute (R01CA228905).
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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