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Never-ending story: vending machines in Germany
  1. Reiner Hanewinkel,
  2. Matthis Morgenstern
  1. Institut für Therapie- und Gesundheitsforschung, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Dr Reiner Hanewinkel, Institut für Therapie- und Gesundheitsforschung, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany; hanewinkel{at}

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The prevalence of smoking in the adult and adolescent population in Germany is high.1 This is mainly due to the lack of effective tobacco control measures in Germany.2 Between 2016 and 2023, e-cigarettes became the most popular nicotine delivery device among children and adolescents in Germany.3

Germany had the highest per capita distribution of cigarette vending machines in the world, with 726 000 machines nationwide in 2004.4 In 2007, a new law for the protection of children and adolescents was passed in Germany to control underage access to cigarettes. In 2018, approximately 320 000 cigarette vending machines were still …

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  • Contributors Both authors contributed equally.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests No, there are no competing interests.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.