Table 2

 Tobacco attributed mortality in South Africa

ICD-10MalesFemalesBoth sexes
SmokersNon-smokersORAF %n*SmokersNon-smokersORAF %n*OR95% CIAF%n*
Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are adjusted for age, sex (where relevant), population group, and education.
*n, Number of tobacco attributed deaths (zero for “exclusions”, because of possible confounding, and for controls).
†Includes cirrhosis, peptic, and oesophageal ulcers, pancreatitis and rheumatic heart disease (which is not included with vascular disease).
‡See Methods.
Cases
TuberculosisA15–A19185781.728 73 311201.57 11 1.611.23 to 2.1120 84
Other lung infectionJ00–J39103711.210 17 261281.35 7 1.320.98 to 1.757 24
COPDI26–I28; J40–J49134552.647 88 52963.024 36 2.531.90 to 3.3837 124
Lung cancerC33–C3457163.961 5 17116.848 13 4.792.86 to 8.0158 58
Oral, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, sinus cancerC00–C14; C15, C30–C3252193.153 38 10193.528 8 3.041.89 to 4.2946 46
Digestive, urinary, cervical cancerC16–C26; C53; C64–C6846431.15 5 25751.710 10 1.310.89 to 1.918 15
Ischaemic heart diseaseI20–I2585751.418 29 43972.418 25 1.691.24 to 2.3318 54
Stroke & other vascularI10–I15; I30–I45; I47–I49; I60–I991611661.15 17 753811.35 21 1.180.93 to 1.495 38
Total (cases) (823) (523) 1.510.6 (312) (279) (927) 1.75.5 (131) 1.6 1.34 to 1.90 8.3 (443)
Controls‡
Total (controls) (298) (245) 1.0 (92) (489) 1.0 1.00
Exclusions
Cirrhosis, etc†K20–K22; K25–K31; F00–F1977451.416471.91.581.11 to 2.28
Ill defined medicalI46; I50; J95–J99; K90–K92; P00–P99; O00–O99; R60–R991781701.0613281.11.060.84 to 1.33
External causesV00–V99; W00–W993722151.2381171.7 1.371.09 to 1.73
Total (exclusions) (627) (430) (115) (492)
All deaths 1748 1198 486 1908