Table 2

 Risk of a non-fatal definite AMI for current smokers compared with non-smokers, prevalence of smoking in the general population, and the population attributable risk of smoking (age standardised and aggregated over 32 WHO MONICA populations)

SexAge group (years)Non-fatal definite MIPopulationPopulation attributable risk (%)p Value*Relative risk (95% CI)
Smokers (n)Non-smokers (n)Unknown (n)Smokers (n)Non-smokers (n)Unknown (n)
*Q statistic for test of heterogeneity (see methods).
Men35–3957213835521758651564.70.1954.9 (3.9 to 6.1)
40–44114635681476660381759.3<0.0014.3 (3.5 to 5.3)
45–491774776119488463731848.8<0.0013.2 (2.7 to 3.7)
50–5420721282212443066461840.5<0.0012.7 (2.4 to 3.1)
55–5924592078269424871082327.2<0.0012.0 (1.8 to 2.3)
60–6422852747361336566951519.00.0331.7 (1.6 to 1.9)
Women35–3958177317481951254.60.9815.3 (3.2 to 8.7)
40–441096110278883411348.80.3924.8 (3.3 to 6.9)
45–4918211628235091691947.90.7545.5 (4.2 to 7.1)
50–5430726647195792871739.80.4494.8 (4.0 to 5.9)
55–59439559102162293821227.70.2093.6 (3.0 to 4.3)
60–645781015146141989372322.30.1693.1 (2.6 to 3.6)