Table 2

Percentages in different demographic groups in California and the rest of the USA stating that smoking should not be allowed at all in four or more of the six venues

Demographic1992–931995–961998–99
CaliforniaUSA*CaliforniaUSA*CaliforniaUSA*
Table entries are weighted percentages (95% confidence intervals).
*USA refers to survey respondents in parts of the USA other than California.
Sex
    Male54.7 (53.2 to 56.1)43.3 (42.9 to 43.8)66.6 (65.1 to 68.2)47.4 (47.0 to 47.9)72.0 (70.7 to 73.3)52.8 (52.3 to 53.3)
    Female62.2 (61.2 to 63.3)49.3 (48.8 to 49.7)73.6 (72.3 to 74.9)55.1 (54.7 to 55.5)79.4 (78.3 to 80.6)61.4 (60.9 to 61.9)
Age (years)
    18–3056.0 (54.1 to 57.9)40.5 (39.9 to 41.2)70.7 (68.6 to 72.8)49.2 (48.4 to 50.1)79.4 (77.7 to 81.1)55.5 (54.7 to 56.2)
    31–4460.0 (58.3 to 61.6)45.5 (44.9 to 46.0)71.3 (69.6 to 72.9)50.0 (49.5 to 50.6)76.4 (75.0 to 77.9)56.3 (55.7 to 56.9)
    45+59.1 (57.9 to 60.3)50.8 (50.3 to 51.3)68.9 (67.5 to 70.2)53.7 (53.2 to 54.2)73.0 (71.7 to 74.4)58.9 (58.4 to 59.4)
Education
    High school or less57.5 (56.0 to 59.0)43.3 (42.8 to 43.8)68.5 (66.7 to 70.2)47.7 (47.2 to 48.3)73.9 (72.5 to 75.4)52.7 (52.2 to 53.2)
    Some college56.6 (54.8 to 58.4)46.3 (45.7 to 46.9)68.8 (67.3 to 70.3)51.5 (50.9 to 52.1)75.7 (74.1 to 77.4)58.1 (57.4 to 58.8)
    College graduate63.2 (61.3 to 65.0)54.9 (54.3 to 55.5)74.6 (73.1 to 76.2)60.0 (59.4 to 60.6)78.8 (77.3 to 80.4)65.9 (65.4 to 66.4)
Race/ethnicity
    African American53.2 (48.9 to 57.4)47.3 (46.1 to 48.5)63.2 (58.9 to 67.5)51.8 (50.8 to 52.9)69.9 (66.2 to 73.7)57.4 (56.4 to 58.5)
    Asian/Pacific Islander64.1 (60.9 to 67.2)57.4 (55.6 to 59.2)76.5 (74.0 to 79.0)63.5 (61.3 to 65.7)77.4 (74.5 to 80.3)67.6 (65.7 to 69.4)
    Hispanic65.5 (63.6 to 67.5)58.9 (57.6 to 60.3)74.5 (72.4 to 76.7)65.8 (64.5 to 67.1)80.5 (78.9 to 82.1)68.1 (67.1 to 69.1)
    Non-Hispanic white55.0 (53.7 to 56.3)45.0 (44.6 to 45.5)67.9 (66.6 to 69.3)49.8 (49.3 to 50.2)74.1 (72.5 to 75.6)55.8 (55.4 to 56.3)
    Other53.2 (42.4 to 64.1)46.0 (42.7 to 49.4)61.1 (53.2 to 69.0)44.3 (40.6 to 47.9)65.9 (55.5 to 76.2)53.6 (50.3 to 56.9)
Smoke-free workplace
    Yes65.2 (63.3 to 67.1)54.4 (53.8 to 54.9)74.4 (72.6 to 76.2)58.2 (57.6 to 58.8)81.9 (80.5 to 83.3)63.4 (62.9 to 64.0)
    No or not an indoor worker52.9 (50.8 to 55.0)38.7 (38.1 to 39.3)67.4 (64.7 to 70.1)41.6 (40.7 to 42.5)71.4 (68.2 to 74.5)46.7 (45.9 to 47.6)
Smoke-free home
    Yes73.0 (72.0 to 74.0)69.0 (68.5 to 69.5)80.8 (79.8 to 81.8)70.4 (70.0 to 70.8)84.2 (83.3 to 85.1)72.9 (72.5 to 73.4)
    No38.0 (36.3 to 39.7)31.0 (30.6 to 31.4)47.5 (45.6 to 49.4)31.8 (31.4 to 32.3)52.5 (50.5 to 54.5)35.1 (34.6 to 35.6)