Table 1

 Age adjusted relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for smokers and for ex-smokers when compared to non-smokers

Causes of deathICD-9 codeSmokersEx-smokers
RR95% CIRR95% CI
*p<0.05.
All cause001–9981.60*1.48 to 1.831.33*1.13 to 1.55
    All cancer140–2081.80*1.48 to 2.191.47*1.16 to 1.87
        Stomach cancer1511.570.88 to 2.811.700.89 to 3.25
        Liver cancer155–1561.340.90 to 1.991.080.66 to 1.77
        Lung cancer1624.25*2.68 to 6.743.34*1.91 to 5.84
        Diabetes mellitus2501.260.66 to 2.421.480.77 to 2.83
    Cardiovascular diseases390–4591.57*1.20 to 2.081.240.90 to 1.72
        Ischaemic heart disease410–4142.25*1.44 to 3.531.000.54 to 1.84
         Person aged 35–642.49*1.52 to 4.101.150.56 to 2.36
         Person aged 65+1.410.44 to 4.530.670.20 to 2.23
        Cerebrovascular disease430–4381.410.89 to 2.261.530.92 to 2.52
         Person aged 35–641.400.85 to 2.291.630.96 to 2.80
         Person aged 65+1.470.33 to 6.610.810.19 to 3.38
    Respiratory diseases460–5191.380.67 to 2.851.190.58 to 2.43
    All accidents800–9491.81*1.11 to 2.961.220.62 to 2.40
        Motor vehicle accidents810–8291.970.94 to 4.130.820.26 to 2.52
        Non-motor vehicle accidents850–9291.660.83 to 3.331.500.61 to 3.72