Table 3 Inequalities in smoking, England, 2003–6
AreaSmoking rate
2003 (%)2006 (%)‡
Spearhead29.228.6
Other24.023.6
England25.625.1
ARG1‡‡5.25.0
ARG2‡‡‡3.63.5
RR1¶1.215 (CIs: 1.216 to 1.213)1.212 (CIs: 1.213 to 1.210)
RR2¶¶1.140 (CIs: 1.141 to 1.138)1.213 (CIs: 1.139 to 1.136)
  • ‡2003 prevalence rates less cumulative number of 4-week quitters from April 2003 to March 2006, adjusted for 75% relapse rate.

  • ‡‡Absolute rate gap between Spearhead and non-Spearhead areas.

  • ‡‡‡Absolute rate gap between Spearhead and England.

  • ¶Relative rate ratio between Spearhead and non-Spearhead areas.

  • ¶¶Relative rate ratio between Spearhead and England.