Table 1

 Patterns of use and quitting of tobacco among adults (2038) in Syria

Cigarette % (n)Waterpipe % (n)
*All prevalence rates were calculated from the weighted sample to account for the complex sampling design.
**p⩽0.05 according to χ2 test for the comparison of prevalence across sociodemographic characteristics.
†p<0.05 according to t test for the comparison of means across smoking method.
Smoking rate*
Total
    Daily29.0 (671)1.0 (18)
    Occasionally5.5 (144)10.6 (231)
Gender
    Men56.9 (554)20.2 (182)
    Women17.0 (261)**4.8 (67)**
Age
    18–2929.0 (235)17.1 (115)
    30–4539.8 (414)9.8 (105)
    46–6535.8 (166)**5.7 (29)**
SES
    Low26.7 (258)4.0 (52)
    Middle36.0 (322)8.9 (85)
    High39.8 (235)**21.2 (112)**
Quit rate
Total16.5 (141)28.2 (95)
Gender
    Men15.5 (96)28.9 (79)
    Women19.0 (45)25.7 (16)
Age
    18–2911.5 (27)21.5 (31)
    30–4512.4 (59)35.7 (43)
    46–6826.2 (55)**35.5 (21)
SES
    Low17.4 (41)55.4 (31)
    Middle16.1 (62)32.9 (37)
    High16.3 (38)17.1 (27)**
Smoking features (mean (SD))
Age of initiation (years)19.4 (6.8)26.4 (9.5)†
Duration of smoking (years)17.0 (11.1)6.8 (8.0)†
Consumption of daily users (items)20.8 (14.0)1.4 (0.8)†