Table 7 Estimated 12-month prevalence of cessation attempts among adolescent smokers according to level of cigarette consumption* and period of adolescence
Country, study yearAge/grade rangeDefinition of cessation in the past 12 monthsPrevalence (%) (95% CI)
Any use (in the past month)
Early adolescence
Grenada, 200041Grade 6Tried to stop smoking62 (30 to 94)
Grade 774 (56 to 92)
Philippines, 200038Age ⩽12†Tried to stop smoking81 (74 to 88)
South Africa, 199939Age ⩽12†Tried to stop smoking76 (59 to 92)
Seychelles, 200240Age 11–12Tried to stop smoking78
Venezuela, 199942Grade 6Tried to stop smoking90
Grade 759
Early to middle adolescence
United States, 199935Grade 6–8Seriously tried to quit smoking58 (54 to 62)
United States, 199935Grade 6–8Tried to quit smoking at least once61 (59 to 63)
United States, 200036Grade 6–8Tried to quit smoking cigarettes60 (57 to 63)
Venezuela, 199942Grade 6–9Tried to stop smoking69‡
Georgia, 200243Grade 7–9Tried to stop49 (42 to 56)
Serbia, 200346Grade 7–9Tried to stop smoking78 (73 to 83)
Slovakia, 200345Grade 7–9Tried to stop smoking81 (78 to 84)
Slovenia, 2002/200344Grade 7–9Tried to stop smoking68 (66 to 71)
Bahrain, 200354Grade 7–10Tried to stop smoking63 (55 to 71)
Egypt, 200159Grade 7–10Tried to stop smoking64 (50 to 77)
Ghana, 200057Junior secondary school years 1–3Tried to stop smoking78
Hungary, 200353Grade 7–10Tried to stop smoking64 (60 to 68)
Kenya, 200160Grade 7–Form 2Tried to stop smoking70 (63 to 78)
United Arab Emirates, 200255Grade 7–10Tried to stop smoking64 (58 to 71)
Middle adolescence
Grenada, 200033 41Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking75‡ (67 to 83)
Grade 879 (56 to 100)
Form 180 (63 to 96)
Form 266 (57 to 76)
Philippines, 200033 38Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking83‡ (79 to 87)
Age 1390 (81 to 99)
Age 1485 (80 to 91)
Age 1581 (74 to 87)
Seychelles, 200240Age 13Tried to stop smoking78
Age 1484
Age 1573
Venezuela, 199931 33 42Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking68‡ (58 to 79)
Grade 874
Grade 966
Dominica, 200033 47Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking56¶ (43 to 69)
Form 247¶ (26 to 68)
Jamaica, 200133 48Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking71¶ (62 to 80)
Grade 966¶ (52 to 80)
Trinidad and Tobago, 200033 49Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking76¶ (68 to 84)
Age 1465¶
Age 1587¶
United States, 200150Grade 9Tried to quit smoking56 (52 to 60)
Grade 1055 (51 to 59)
United States, 200351Grade 9Tried to quit smoking52 (46 to 58)
Grade 1059 (53 to 65)
Bahamas, 200071Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking77
Barbados, 199931 33Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking64 (57 to 70)
Costa Rica, 199931 33Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking63 (58 to 68)
Fiji, 199931 33Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking79 (67 to 91)
Gaza Strip, 200133Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking62 (46 to 78)
Jordan, 199931 33Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking78 (73 to 84)
Montserrat, 200033Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking60 (48 to 72)
Northern Mariana Islands, 200033Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking77 (72 to 82)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines, 200133Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking83 (72 to 94)
Singapore, 200033Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking78 (75 to 81)
South Africa, 199931 33 39Grade 8–10Tried to stop smoking77‡ (72 to 81)
Age 13–1575‡ (69 to 80)
Age 1369 (50 to 88)
Age 1471 (61 to 81)
Age 1578 (69 to 87)
Sri Lanka, 199931 33Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking43 (28 to 58)
Sultanate of Oman, 200356Grade 8–10Tried to stop smoking67 (57 to 78)
Suriname, 200033Age 13–15Tried to stop smoking73 (62 to 83)
United States, 200033Age 13–15Tried to quit smoking58‡ (56 to 60)
Early to late adolescence
Botswana, 200252Age 11–17Tried to stop68
Costa Rica, 199972Age 11–17Tried to stop smoking71
Dominica, 200047Age 11–17Tried to stop smoking52 (42 to 62)
Grenada, 200041Grade 6–Form 4Tried to stop smoking70‡ (62 to 78)
Jamaica, 200148Grade 7–13Tried to stop smoking68 (61 to 75)
Macao, 200161Grade 6–Form 3Tried to stop smoking64 (56 to 72)
Philippines, 200038Age ⩽12–⩾16†Tried to stop smoking84 (81 to 87)
Seychelles, 200240Age 11–17Tried to stop smoking77‡
Suriname, 200073Age 12–16Tried to stop smoking68
Trinidad and Tobago, 200049Post Primary–Form 5Tried to stop smoking77
United States, 19912Age 12–18Tried to cut down on use of cigarettes73§
45||
Middle to late adolescence
South Africa, 200258Grade 8–11Tried to stop smoking74 (71 to 77)
United States, 199935Grade 9–12Seriously tried to quit smoking56 (53 to 58)
United States, 199935Grade 9–12Tried to quit smoking at least once62 (60 to 63)
United States, 200036Grade 9–12Tried to quit smoking cigarettes59 (57 to 61)
United States, 200150Grade 9–12Tried to quit smoking57 (56 to 59)
United States, 200351Grade 9–12Tried to quit smoking54 (51 to 57)
Late adolescence
Philippines, 200038Age ⩾16†Tried to stop smoking86 (82 to 89)
Seychelles, 200240Age 16–17Tried to stop smoking78
South Africa, 199939Age ⩾16†Tried to stop smoking78 (73 to 82)
Trinidad and Tobago, 200049Age ⩾16†Tried to stop smoking85¶
Grenada, 200041Form 3Tried to stop smoking56 (35 to 78)
Form 478 (59 to 97)
United States, 200150Grade 11Tried to quit smoking60 (58 to 63)
Grade 1258 (54 to 62)
United States, 200351Grade 11Tried to quit smoking51 (47 to 56)
Grade 1253 (48 to 58)
Daily use (self-declared current)
Middle to late adolescence
Canada, 200066 67Age 15–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt70‡
Age 15–1767
Canada, 200165Age 15–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt66‡
Age 15–1768
Canada, 200264Age 15–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt64‡
Age 15–1767
Canada, 199963Age 15–17Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt79
Canada, 200362Age 15–17Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt92
Late adolescence
Canada, 199963Age 18–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt73
Canada, 200066 67Age 18–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt61
Canada, 200165Age 18–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt63
Canada, 200264Age 18–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt61
Canada, 200362Age 18–19Made at least one ⩾24 h quit attempt84
  • *Any use in the past month was defined operationally as “smoked ⩾1 cigarette in the past 30 days”, except by the US Department of Health2 where it was defined as “smoked in past month”; daily use (self-declared current) was defined operationally as: “smoke cigarettes daily at the present time”.

  • †The Global Youth Tobacco Surveys identified classes to correspond to the target group of adolescents aged 13–15. However, all students in the selected classes were eligible to participate. Therefore adolescents younger than 13 years and older than 15 years could be included. For the age categories ⩽12 years and ⩾16 years we assumed that the lower and upper bounds met the eligibility criteria that study subjects be adolescents aged 10–19.

  • ‡Excluded from the calculation of summary estimate because complete stratum-specific estimates were available for this study.

  • §Estimated among the subgroup of adolescents who had smoked ⩾100 cigarettes in their lifetime.

  • ||Estimated among the subgroup of adolescents who had smoked <100 cigarettes in their lifetime.

  • ¶Excluded from summary estimates because a more inclusive aggregate estimate is available for this study.