Table 2 Trials of different counselling interventions at time of first contact
Study/countryPopulation (follow-up rate)Intervention(s)ControlCriteria for cessation
Thompson et al, 199318 United States382 smokers/recent quitters (83%)Immediate counselling based on stage, script tailored to blue collar workers using focus groupsImmediate counselling based on standard fact sheets. Self help materials6 months (PP)
Orleans et al, 199817 United States1422 African Americans calling Cancer Information Service (CIS) (63%)Immediate counselling tailored to African Americans and tailored self help “Pathways to Freedom”Immediate standard CIS telephone counselling and standard guide “Clearing the Air”6 months (PP) (12 months for 445 participants)
  • PP, point prevalence.