Table 1

Background characteristics of the study sample

CharacteristicsRuralUrbanOverall
MaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotal
No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)
Age group (years)
<20780 (9.5)995 (10.1)1775 (9.8)769 (9.7)1243 (13.2)2012 (11.6)1549 (9.6)2238 (11.6)3787 (10.7)
20–291595 (19.4)2847 (28.9)4442 (24.6)2604 (32.7)3978 (42.3)6582 (37.9)4200 (25.9)6824 (35.5)11024 (31.1)
30–391795 (21.8)2082 (21.1)3877 (21.4)2177 (27.3)1804 (19.2)3981 (22.9)3972 (24.5)3886 (20.2)7858 (22.2)
40–491381 (16.8)1876 (19.0)3257 (18.0)1137 (14.3)1500 (16.0)2637 (15.2)2518 (15.5)3376 (17.5)5894 (16.6)
50–59999 (12.1)1184 (12.0)2183 (12.1)761 (9.6)564 (6.0)1325 (7.6)1760 (10.9)1748 (9.1)3508 (9.9)
60–69849 (10.3)609 (6.2)1458 (8.1)405 (5.1)248 (2.6)653 (3.8)1254 (7.8)857 (4.4)2111 (6.0)
70+830 (10.1)258 (2.6)1088 (6.0)114 (1.4)62 (0.7)176 (1.0)944 (5.8)320 (1.7)1264 (3.5)
Religion
Islam7233 (87.9)8661 (87.9)15894 (87.9)7836 (98.4)9271 (98.7)17107 (98.5)15070 (93.1)17931 (93.2)33001 (93.1)
Hinduism804 (9.8)946 (9.6)1750 (9.7)94 (1.2)104 (1.1)198 (1.1)898 (5.5)1050 (5.4)1948 (5.5)
Christianity191 (2.3)244 (2.5)435 (2.4)34 (0.4)22 (0.2)56 (0.4)225 (1.4)266 (1.4)491 (1.4)
Marital status
Married6508 (79.1)8462 (85.9)14970 (82.8)5686 (71.4)7096 (75.5)12782 (73.6)12195 (75.3)15557 (80.8)27752 (78.3)
Unmarried1627 (19.8)597 (6.1)2224 (12.3)2260 (28.4)1655 (17.6)3915 (22.5)3887 (24.0)2252 (11.7)6139 (17.3)
Widow/divorcees94 (1.1)792 (8.0)886 (4.9)21 (0.3)647 (6.9)668 (3.9)115 (0.7)1439 (7.5)1554 (4.4)
Educational status
No schooling3147 (38.3)4659 (47.3)7806 (43.2)826 (10.4)1777 (18.9)2603 (15.0)3973 (24.6)6436 (33.4)10409 (29.4)
1–5 years of schooling1954 (23.8)2150 (21.8)4104 (22.7)1187 (14.9)2357 (25.1)3544 (20.4)3141 (19.4)4507 (23.4)7648 (21.6)
6–10 years of schooling2376 (28.9)2768 (28.1)5144 (28.5)3020 (37.9)3622 (38.6)6642 (38.3)5396 (33.3)6390 (33.3)11786 (33.3)
Higher secondary+740 (9.0)271 (2.8)1011 (5.6)2930 (36.8)1638 (17.4)4568 (26.3)3671 (22.7)1908 (9.9)5579 (15.70)
Occupation
Non-paid537 (6.5)9415 (97.0)9952 (55.6)789 (10.4)6607 (72.4)7396 (44.3)1326 (8.4)16022 (85.1)17348 (50.1)
Students345 (4.2)229 (2.4)574 (3.2)812 (10.7)789 (8.6)1601 (9.6)1157 (7.3)1018 (5.4)2175 (6.3)
Manual labourer393 (4.8)2 (0.02)395 (2.2)407 (5.4)51 (0.6)458 (2.7)800 (5.1)53 (0.3)853 (2.5)
Farmer4171 (50.8)7 (0.1)4178 (23.3)26 (0.3)3 (0.03)29 (0.2)4197 (26.6)10 (0.1)4207 (12.1)
Skilled labourer401 (4.9)5 (0.1)406 (2.30534 (7.1)256 (2.8)790 (4.7)935 (5.9)261 (1.4)1196 (3.5)
Business1484 (18.1)11 (0.1)1495 (8.3)1972 (26.0)263 (2.9)2235 (13.4)3456 (21.9)274 (1.5)3730 (10.8)
Service/professionals875 (10.7)35 (0.4)910 (5.1)3034 (40.1)1156 (12.7)4190 (25.1)3909 (24.8)1191 (6.3)5100 (14.7)