Table 1 Cross-sectional multivariate model for ever tried smoking (nā€Š=ā€Š4524)
Variable*CategoryNo% Ever tried smoking (%)Adjusted relative risk (95% CI)
Receptivity to tobacco marketingNo receptivity3306(9.4)Reference
Moderate receptivity144(63.2)2.21 (1.80 to 2.72)
High receptivity1074(35.5)1.34 (1.16 to 1.54)
Movie smoking exposureFirst quartile1156(4.2)Reference
Second quartile1114(13.1)1.64 (1.25 to 2.17)
Third quartile1129(20.7)1.93 (1.48 to 2.52)
Fourth quartile1125(31.6)2.00 (1.54 to 2.61)
Child genderMale2230(18.7)Reference
Female2294(16.0)1.08 (0.94 to 1.22)
Child age10ā€“11 years1276(7.1)Reference
12 years1350(14.4)1.45 (1.17 to 1.80)
13ā€“14 years1898(26.3)1.67 (1.37 to 2.04)
Parent educationBoth completed high school3564(14.0)Reference
Neither/one completed high school960(29.8)1.22 (1.06 to 1.39)
Parent or sibling smokesNo2536(9.1)Reference
Yes1988(27.8)1.39 (1.21 to 1.60)
Any friends smokeNo2842(4.4)Reference
Yes1682(39.2)3.49 (2.91 to 4.19)
School performanceExcellent1649(7.8)Reference
Good1700(14.8)1.05 (0.87 to 1.26)
Average/below average1175(34.5)1.22 (1.02 to 1.47)
Sensation seekingLowest third1721(5.9)Reference
Middle third1365(14.4)1.17 (0.95 to 1.44)
Highest third1438(33.8)1.34 (1.09 to 1.65)
RebelliousnessLowest third1110(3.2)Reference
Middle third1868(9.9)1.78 (1.30 to 2.43)
Highest third1546(36.5)2.94 (2.14 to 4.05)
Self-esteemLowest third1377(26.7)Reference
Middle third1680(16.1)0.96 (0.83 to 1.10)
Highest third1467(10.0)0.91 (0.76 to 1.09)
Maternal demandingnessLowest third1272(24.3)Reference
Middle third1717(16.1)0.98 (0.85 to 1.13)
Highest third1535(12.9)0.96 (0.82 to 1.13)
Maternal responsivenessLowest third1505(25.7)Reference
Middle third1702(14.7)1.02 (0.89 to 1.18)
Highest third1317(11.1)1.03 (0.86 to 1.23)
Parental disapproval of smokingBoth disapprove3467(14.0)Reference
Mixed/mixed disapproval1057(28.2)1.12 (0.98 to 1.28)
  • *The analysis includes school as a covariate.