Table 1 Prevalence of tobacco use and disease-specific relative risk of mortality from tobacco use in India by type of tobacco users and gender for adults aged 35 and older
SmokedSmokeless
MaleFemaleMaleFemale
Prevalence* (%)42.34.3920.6518.84
Relative risk of death:
Respiratory diseases2.121.151.501.04
Tuberculosis2.305.921.461.40
Cardiovascular diseases1.541.461.321.15
Neoplasm2.601.851.401.57
  • *The prevalence of smokeless tobacco users includes those who only used smokeless tobacco whereas prevalence for smokers includes some who also used smokeless tobacco so that adding smoked and smokeless tobacco user would give prevalence for any tobacco use.