Table 2 Disease-specific smoking attributable fractions (SAFs) (%) in India by type of tobacco use and gender for adults aged 35 and older
Cause of deathSmokedSmokelessAll tobacco*
MaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemale
Respiratory diseases30.040.656.550.7436.591.39
Tuberculosis33.4316.735.775.8439.2122.56
Cardiovascular diseases17.651.935.102.7022.754.62
Neoplasm38.473.264.699.3843.1612.64
  • *The SAF for all tobacco products equals the SAF for smokers plus the SAF for smokeless tobacco users.