Table 3 The marginal effects of tobacco consumption on other household expenditures in the total survey population, and the poorest 20% of rural households in the survey
βMarginal effectsSEp Value
% Total incomeMoney value (Per capita per year (yuan))Percentage of total expenditure on category
A Total population
Food0.00740.185.890.60.0001<0.0001
Clothing−0.0010−0.01−0.29−0.10.0002<0.0001
Transport0.04260.3210.485.00.0002<0.0001
Housing0.00000.000.000.00.000200.9494
Education−0.0438−0.50−16.60−4.80.0002<0.0001
Medical care−0.0335−0.33−10.93−3.80.0002<0.0001
Others0.03020.227.333.50.0001<0.0001
B Poorest 20% of rural households
Food0.01260.292.740.80.0005<0.0001
Clothing0.00350.030.300.30.00090.0003
Transport0.06450.302.766.10.0012<0.0001
Housing0.01600.121.071.50.0009<0.0001
Education−0.0447−0.54−5.05−3.80.0009<0.0001
Medical care−0.0478−0.68−6.37−3.90.0007<0.0001
Others0.05060.383.494.60.0009<0.0001
  • The marginal effects of tobacco spending (per 1000 yuan) on other household expenditures in (a) total dataset (n = 56 839 households and 193 137 individuals; 77 missing households), and (b) poorest 20% households in rural China in 2003 (n = 10 611 households; 42 238 individuals; 36 missing households).

  • The unit of amount of cigarette consumption is five packs per capita per month (100 cigarettes, approximately three per day) in a household.