Table 2 Growth in affordability measures, 1997–2006
IndicatorUnitCountry categoryMedian annual growth rate*Countries with growth rates >0, %
1997–20002000–20032003–20061997–20061997–2000 (%)2000–2003 (%)2003–20061997–2006
Real priceConstant 2000 US dollars per packHigh-income countries−4.0% (31)8.8% (32)3.7% (32)3.3% (31)29886677
Low-income and middle-income countries−3.7% (43)1.2% (41)1.6% (41)0.9% (42)40545960
RIPPercentage of per capita GDP to buy 100 packsHigh-income countries−0.3% (31)2.2% (32)−1.2% (28)1.2% (27)45693263
Low-income and middle-income countries0.1% (43)−0.7% (43)−7.0% (43)−0.7% (42)51471443
Median minutes of labourNo. of working minutes to buy one pack of cigarettesHigh-income countries2.7% (27)1.9% (28)1.1% (28)2.7% (27)70575770
Low-income and middle-income countries5.1% (17)−1.5% (17)−0.4% (19)−1.0% (16)76414738
  • Sources: EIU,10 UBS12and World Bank.11

  • *Number of observations is shown in parentheses.

  • EIU, Economist Intelligence Unit; GDP, gross domestic product; RIP, relative income price; UBS, Union Bank of Switzerland.